May 30, 2011

Betul MASA dan TEMPAT

Masa?
Tempat?
Pengurusan Masa
Masa dan Tempat hendaklah BETUL








Memasak Ikan Yu/Pari?

Baru-baru ni saya singah makan di sebuah restoran sebuah hotel di Utara Semenanjung Malaysia. Ada masakan asam pedas ikan yu... Nampak sedap juga.. Namun bila dihirup kuah bersama sedikit ikan tu, rasa hancingnya amat menusuk hidung...!
Kenapa jadi begitu?
Mungkin ikan lama, dan sudah busuk?
Atau, mungkin tak disediakan dengan betul. Sepatutnya, sebelum disiangkan, ikan tadi dibersihkan betul-betul, iaitu bahagian kulitnya diberus dengan berus (bukan kerus besi untuk berus periuk, tau) agar lendirnya keluar. Kemudian, selepas dipotong, ikan tadi direndam sekitar setengah jam di dalam air asam jawa. Seeloknya, selepas itu dibakar sekejap dan  berbau harumnya. Kemudian barulah boleh kalau nak buat masak asam pedas, masak lemak daun kaduk, masak lemak daun kesum dan lain-lain.
Selamat mencuba

May 26, 2011

Berkongsi Ilmu 17: Kursus Pemantapan Diri, PBBM, Langkawi

Saya mengendalikan kursus/bengkel "Pemantapan Diri (savour faire) Untuk Diri dan Organisasi" yang dihadiri oleh pelbagai peringkat staf daripada pelbagai organisasi, anjuran Persatuan Badan-badan Berkanun Malaysia, di Langkawi pada 20-22 April 2011










May 25, 2011

Kacang Panjang Goreng

Bahan-bahan:
10 batang kacang panjang (eemmm..panjang...)(masa saya kecil dulu, tak ler terjumpa jenis kacang panjang macam zaman sekarang, panjangggg..)(potong sekitar 2sm atau 3sm setiap potongan)
5 ulas bawang merah
5 ulas/biji bawang putih
2 sudu besar kicap manis
1 sudu kecil garam
1 sudu kecil gula (masukkan cikit jer, sebab gula dah naik harga, he he he..)(mengurangkan risiko kencing manis)
10 biji cili padi/kampung (potong dua setiap biji)
2 sudu besar minyak makan (bukan minyak pelincir, tau)
2 sudu besar air

Caranya:
Letak kuali atas api, dan masukkan semua bahan di atas ke dalam kuali. Habis cerita... Tunggu sehingga kacang layu, dan angkat. Pakat tengok jer laaaa.... Ops, makan la ngan gulai ayam dan nasi panas....

Berkongsi Ilmu 16: Kursus Pengurusan Projek, USM, Kota Bharu

Ceramah/bengkel Pengurusan Projek Pembinaan anjuran USM Cawangan Kelantan, Kubang Kerian, Kota Baharu, Kelantan, pada 13-14 April 2011 yang dihadiri staf pelbagai peringkat daripada pelbagai organisasi.



Berkongsi Ilmu 15: Bengkel Tatatertib Surcaj, UnisZa

Mengendalikan Bengkel Tatatertib dan Surcaj untuk staf pelbagai peringkat Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (Unisza)(dahulunya Universiti Darul Iman Malaysia (UDM), Kuala Terengganu, pada 28-29 Mac 2010.







Berkongsi Ilmu 14: Kursus Tatatertib, UTHM, Batu Pahat

Ceramah/bengkel Pengurusan Tatatertib untuk staf Universiti Tun Hussein Onn, Batu Pahat, Johor pada 28-29 September 2010.




May 24, 2011

Pisang Bakar Majerin Madu

Bahan:
Beberapa biji pisang masak (bukan yang ranum)(seeloknya pisang nangka, pisang tanduk, pisang emas, pisang bunga, pisang abu, pisang berangan, pisang lemak manis, pisang susu dll yang sewaktu dengannya)(kalau nak dicampur beberapa jenis pisang pun elok juga)
Majerin
Madu (lebah)(bukan madu orang: madu tiga, madu empat, psssst...)

Caranya:
Pisang tu dibuang kulitnya (buang ke dalam bekas sampah, jangan buang atas lantai pulak, sebab kalu terpijak, boleh masuk spital....). Belah dua, dan sapukan majerin. Susun di dalam loyang, dan taburkan madu. Bakar sehingga wangi baunya, dan angkat.

Makan semasa masih panas. Sedap sangat kalau pekena dengan kopi "o" ais atau teh "o" ais kurang manis, sambil tengok tv cerita kartun..he he...

 Pisang tanduk adalah diantara jenis-jenis pisang yang sedap untuk dibuat "pisang bakar majerin bermadu".

May 23, 2011

Works Performance

A brief notes on the works peformance:

“Works”?
PAM cl.7 (bf)
Means the works described in Articles of Agreement & referred to in the Contract Documents & includes any changes made (see Preamble)
PWD cl. 1 (1)
Means the works specified in the Contract Documents & shall include temporary works (see Preamble)
Performance
Performs by the contractor: PWD cl. 10(1) & PAM cl.1.0 - obligations
By the subcontractor PAM cl. 17.0 & PWD cl. 47.0 No assignment but can be subcontracted
Works programme PAM cl. 3.5 & 3.6 PWD cl. 12.0
Full completion & Sectional: PWD cl. 39.0 & 41.0 PAM cl. 15.0
Making good defects
PAM cl. 15.5, 15.6
“Practical Completion”?
PWD cl. 39, 39.5   Completed according Contract, the govt.  Can have full, proper & beneficial use, passed commissioning, fit for occupation, essential services
PAM cl. 15.0 to    “full use of the Works”
Performance of the works may be stopped due to abandonment/(default) (PWD cl.51) (PAM 25.0 & 26.0) force majeure (PWD cl. 57.0) (PAM 28.3(a) national interest (PWD cl. 52)
Peak v. Mc Kinney (1970)
Building works were suspended after the discovery of defective piles, for which the contractor was responsible
Delay & Extension of Time for Completion
“Delay” PAM cl. 23.0, PWD cl. 43.0
A project where a schedule is being used to plan work: behind schedule, beyond the completion date. Delay by contractor/nominated subcontractor/supplier. Delay & Liquidated Ascertained Damages (LAD)
Defects
“Defective”: Art 7(x) PAM
After completion Application of “Defect Liability Period PWD cl. 1.1 (g), 48.0 PAM Art 7(y), cl.15.4

The “environment-friendly” approach in construction industry

Why the developer and contractor must be “environment-friendly” in all construction activities?
Because...
Tortuous liability especially trespass and nuisance
The necessities of EIA
                        Environmental Quality Act 1974
National Heritage
-                     Definitions
-                     National Heritage Act 2005
-                     c1.12 PWD; cl. 33.0 PAM; cl.39.0 CIDB
Hill land development
                        Land Conservation Act 1960
                        Ss. 3, 6, 11, 14
Standardization
                        ISO 14001
Other offences: Public nuisance – s.264 Penal Codes
Pollution of stream within Local Authority’s area – s. 64
                             Local Government Act 1976
Nuisance– s.86 Street, Drainage & Building Act 1974.

The Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct for Landscape Architects

A Short Discussion on the Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct for Landscape Architects:

Code of Ethics
The Purpose: The level of professional conduct expected. The level of professional conduct depends upon integrity of each individual member to conduct him or herself in a responsible manner in dealings with clients and other professionals.
Code of Ethics refer to ethical code, that includes Conducts, Practices, and Professional Responsibilities
Code = Written Guidelines adopted by an organization in an attempt to assist those in the organization called upon to make a decision understand the difference between ‘right’ or ‘wrong’ and to apply this understanding to their decision.
A code of conduct is adopted by a profession to regulate that profession
Fleckenstein, M.P. & Huebach, P (1999)
Code of ethics is to maintain harmony among professional and to settle dispute among them
Faithful Discharge of Responsibilities
Strive the highest level of professional services
Avoid improper professional conduct
Encourage/Educational research
Serve client with integrity, understanding, knowledge & creative ability
Respond morally to social, political, economic & technology influences
Environment responsibility (minimal disruption to natural system)
Best effort to preserve & protect natural resources
Professional Conduct
Truthfully & clearly inform the client/employer of his/her qualifications & capabilities to perform service/project
Shall not exaggerated, misted, deceptive, false statement/claim to public about his/her
-          Qualification
-          Experience
-          performance
Advertising & soliciting is prohibited
Shall not give, lend, promise only thing of value to any public official in order to influence official’s judgment/action in the letting or contract
Make full disclosure the client/employer any financial interest bears upon the services or project & avoid conflict of interest

Engineer in private practise: The need for registration

(a) Engineer means “Registered Engineer” (in private practice). In private practice, according to Registration of Engineers Act 1967, the engineer must be construed as “registered engineer” – section 2 of the Act (either as a Consulting Engineer – Regulation 34, Registration of Engineers Regulations 1990, or as a Professional Engineer – Regulation 19, Registration of Engineers Regulations 1990). According to section 7(1) of Registration of Engineers Act 1967,
7. (1) No person shall unless he is a registered Professional Engineer –
a)                        Practise, carry on business or take up employment as an Engineer under any name, style or title bearing the words “Professional Engineer”, “Registered Engineer” or the equivalent thereto in any other language or bearing any other word whatsoever in any language which may reasonably be construed to imply that he is a registered Professional Engineer;
b)                        Use or display any sign, board, card or other device representing or implying that he is a registered Professional Engineer; or
c)Be entitled to recover in any court any fee, charge or remuneration for any professional advice or services rendered as an Engineer.

Unregistered engineer offers or giving professional service will be facing the following consequences--        
a) Under section 25 of Registration of Engineers Act 1967:

   25. (1)  Any person who contravenes this Act shall be guilty of an offence and shall, where no penalty is expressly provided therefore, be liable, on conviction, to a fine not exceeding two thousand ringgits.
   (2)  If a body corporate contravenes this Act, every director, manager, secretary or other similar officer thereof shall be guilty of the same offence and be liable to the same penalty as the body corporate is guilty of and liable to, unless he proves that the offence was committed without his knowledge, consent or connivance or was not attributable to any neglect on his part.

b) Raymond Banham’s principles:
Raymond Banham & Anor v Consolidated Hotels Ltd. The plaintiffs, a firm of consulting Mechanical and Electrical Engineers, practising in Hong Kong, sued the defendant clients for professional fees of $106,250 in connection with the proposed Hotel Sheraton project in Singapore.  The defendants refused to pay on the ground that the agreement for services was illegal and unenforceable because the plaintiffs were not registered in Singapore as professional engineers. Winslow J held that although the plans for the hotel were prepared in Hong Kong and the firm’s representatives travelled periodically to Singapore solely for the purposes of this project, nevertheless, they were engaged in professional engineering work in Singapore for the purposes of the Professional Engineers Act.  As such they were required to be registered as professional engineers.  ‘Services were being performed under this contract which was illegal in that their engineers never took steps to get them registered beforehand nor to engage in such services under the direction or supervision of a registered professional engineer.’

NOTE: The above is part of lecture notes prepared by me, for EUP222: Engineer in Society, Sch. of Civil Engineering, USM.

Berkongsi Ilmu 13: Kursus Pengurusan Kontrak, PBBM, Langkawi

Mengendalikan kursus/bengkel Pengurusan Kontrak Pembinaan (untuk peserta pelbagai agensi kerajaan) anjuran Persatuan Badan-badan Berkanun Malaysia (PBBM) pada 28-30 April 2011, di Langkawi.
Peserta sedang mengikuti ceramah oleh saya

Peserta tekun mentelaah nota-nota ceramah

Peserta mengendalikan sesi percambahan fikiran dengan dibantu oleh saya (mesti dalam keadaan ceria..)

Peserta telah menyiapkan bengkel kajian kes (nampak gembira jer..)

Kelewatan Penyiapan Kerja

Kelewatan: Takrif dan jenisnya

Milikan Tapak Bina

Maksud dan skop "milikan tapak bina"


Penemuan Objek Sejarah Di Tapak Bina

Apabila Objek (benda purba boleh alih, warisan kebudayaan ketara, warisan kebudayaan tidak ketara dan objek bersejarah) ditemui di tapak bina, tindakan berikut pelulah diambil (di bawah Akta Warisan kebangsaan 2005)
 
 

Penyimpanan Selamat DOKUMEN

Dokumen perlu disimpan selamat demi beberapa tujuan...

Had Masa Mengambil Tindakan

Apabila bercadang untuk mengambil tindakan undang-undang, pastikan ianya masih dalam had masa yang dibenarkan


Pertikaian Dalam projek pembinaan: "Pertikaian"

Apakah "PERTIKAIAN"?

Menuntut Bon

Awas, dalam menuntut bon (bon pelaksanaan, bon wang pendahuluan dan bon tender), pastikan perkara-perkara berikut:

Pemotongan (deductions)

Jenis -jenis pemotongan dan Bayaran Kontrak kepada kontraktor

May 20, 2011

Mengubat Migrin

Migrin? Cuba baca artikel di bawah:

Migraine
Headache - migraine
Last reviewed: November 22, 2010.
A migraine is a common type of headache that may occur with symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, or sensitivity to light. In many people, a throbbing pain is felt only on one side of the head.
Migraine attacks may be triggered by:
·           Alcohol
·           Allergic reactions
·           Bright lights
·           Certain odors or perfumes
·           Changes in hormone levels (which can occur during a woman's menstrual cycle or with the use of birth control pills)
·           Changes in sleep patterns
·           Exercise
·           Loud noises
·           Missed meals
·           Physical or emotional stress
·           Smoking or exposure to smoke
Certain foods and preservatives in foods may trigger migraines in some people. Food-related triggers may include:
·           Any processed, fermented, pickled, or marinated foods
·           Baked goods
·           Chocolate
·           Dairy products
·           Foods containing monosodium glutamate (MSG)
·           Foods containing tyramine, which includes red wine, aged cheese, smoked fish, chicken livers, figs, and certain beans
·           Fruits (avocado, banana, citrus fruit)
·           Meats containing nitrates (bacon, hot dogs, salami, cured meats)
·           Nuts
·           Onions
·           Peanut butter

Migraine headache

Symptoms of a migraine attack may include heightened sensitivity to light and sound, nausea, auras (loss of vision in one eye or tunnel vision), difficulty of speech and intense pain predominating on one side of the head.

Symptoms

Vision disturbances, or aura, are considered a "warning sign" that a migraine is coming. The aura occurs in both eyes and may involve any or all of the following:
·           A temporary blind spot
·           Blurred vision
·           Eye pain
·           Seeing stars or zigzag lines
·           Tunnel vision
Other symptoms that may occur with the headache include:
·           Chills
·           Increased urination
·           Fatigue
·           Loss of appetite
·           Nausea and vomiting
·           Numbness, tingling, or weakness
·           Problems concentrating, trouble finding words
·           Sensitivity to light or sound
·           Sweating
Symptoms may linger even after the migraine has gone away. Patients with migraine sometimes call this a migraine "hangover." Symptoms can include:
·           Feeling mentally dull, like your thinking is not clear or sharp
·           Increased need for sleep
·           Neck pain

Treatment

There is no specific cure for migraine headaches. The goal is to prevent symptoms by avoiding or changing your triggers.
A good way to identify triggers is to keep a headache diary. Write down:
·           When your headaches occur
·           How severe they are
·           What you've eaten
·           How much sleep you had
·           Other symptoms
·           Other possible factors (women should note where they are in their menstrual cycle)
For example, the diary may reveal that your headaches tend to occur more often on days when you wake up earlier than usual. Changing your sleep schedule may result in fewer migraine attacks.
When you do get migraine symptoms, try to treat them right away. The headache may be less severe. When migraine symptoms begin:
·           Drink water to avoid dehydration, especially if you have vomited
·           Rest in a quiet, darkened room
·           Place a cool cloth on your head
Many different medications are available for people with migraines. Medicines are used to:
·           Reduce the number of attacks
·           Stop the migraine once early symptoms occur
·           Treat the pain and other symptoms
REDUCING ATTACKS
If you have frequent migraines, your doctor may prescribe medicine to reduce the number of attacks. Such medicine needs to be taken every day in order to be effective. Such medications may include:
·           Antidepressants such as amitriptyline
·           Blood pressure medicines such as beta blockers (propanolol) or calcium channel blockers (verapamil)
·           Seizure medication such as valproic acid, gabapentin, and topiramate
·           Serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) such as venlafaxine
·           Selective norepinephrine uptake inhibitor (SNRIs) such as duloxetine
Botulinum toxin (Botox) injections may also help reduce migraine attacks.
TREATING SYMPTOMS
Other medications are primarily given to treat the symptoms of migraine. Used alone or in combinations, these drugs can reduce your pain, nausea, or emotional distress. Medications in this group include:
·           Nausea medicines such as prochlorperazine
·           Over-the-counter pain relievers such as acetaminophen (Tylenol)
·           Sedatives such as butalbital
·           Narcotic pain relievers such as meperidine
·           Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen
If you wish to consider an alternative, feverfew is a popular herb for migraines. Several studies, but not all, support using feverfew for treating migraines. If you are interested in trying feverfew, make sure your doctor approves. Also, know that herbal remedies sold in drugstores and health food stores are not regulated. Work with a trained herbalist when selecting herbs.

Prevention

Understanding your headache triggers can help you avoid foods and situations that cause your migraines. Keep a headache diary to help identify the source or trigger of your symptoms. Then modify your environment or habits to avoid future headaches.
Other tips for preventing migraines include:
·           Avoid smoking
·           Avoid alcohol
·           Avoid artificial sweeteners and other known food-related triggers
·           Get regular exercise
·           Get plenty of sleep each night
·           Learn to relax and reduce stress -- some patients have found that biofeedback and self-hypnosis helps reduce the number of migraine attacks

  

References

1.          Wilson JF. In the clinic: migraine. Ann Intern Med. 2007;147(9):ITC11-1-ITC11-16. [PubMed: 17975180]
2.          Ebell MH. Diagnosis of migraine headache. Am Fam Physician. 2006;74(12):2087-2088. [PubMed: 17186716]
3.          Detsky ME,
McDonald DR
, et al. Does this patient with headache have a migraine or need neuroimaging? JAMA. 2006;296(10):1274-1283. [PubMed: 16968852]
4.          Loder E. Triptan therapy in migraine. N Engl J Med. 2010 Jul 1;363(1): 63-70.
5.          Silberstein SD, Young WB. Headache and facial pain. In: Goetz CG. Textbook of Clinical Neurology. 3rd ed. St. Louis, Mo: WB Saunders; 2007:chap. 53.
Review Date: 11/22/2010.
Reviewed by: Kevin Sheth, MD, Department of Neurology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.


Copyright © 2011, A.D.A.M., Inc
Sumber:


Kalau belum mencukupi. Cuba amalkan perkara berikut:

Pertama, JANGAN SEKALI-KALI TIDOR SELEPAS SUBUH SEHINGGA WAKTU DHUHA, dan SELEPAS ASAR SEHINGGA MAHGRIB (waktu makruh tidor kerana telah ada kajian sains mendapati pada masa itu terdapat sejenis bahan kimia yang dikeluarkan oleh tubuh kita, dimana jika kita kaku (tidor) bahan kimia tadi boleh menyerang otak, termasuklah menjadi migrin dan gila, atau mati mengejut!)

Kedua, setiap kali mandi, mulakan dari bawah, di kaki, kemudian di paha, kemudian di pinggang, dada, dan akhir sekali barulah disiram di kepala

Ketiga, cuba minum air kosong yang dicampurkan perahan sebiji limau nipis

Keempat, Silalah lakukan amalan sunat yang dinasihatkan oleh Rasulullah (SAW) iaitu berbekam (membuang darah kotor daripada badan). Imam Ibnu Qayyum Al-Jauziyah (dalam kitab At-TibbunNabawiy) membincangkan satu Hadist Nabi (S.A.W):
خير ما تدا ؤيتم به الحجا مه
"Sebaik-baik pengubatan yang kamu gunakan adalah dengan berbekam"
(Hadith sahih riwayat Bukhari & Muslim)

Imam at-Tirmidzi meriwayatkan, dari Ibnu Mas’ud yang berkata:

“Rasulullah SAW suatu ketika bercerita tentang malam ketika beliau diisra’kan, bahawa beliau tidak berlalu pada satu kelompok malaikat pun kecuali mereka menyuruh beliau dengan mengatakan, ’Perintahkanlah ummatmu agar berbekam’

Ada diriwayatkan oleh Abu Hurairah yang berkata Rasulullah (SAW) bersabda: “Barang siapa berbekam pada tanggal 17, 19 dan 21, maka ia akan menyembuhkan semua penyakit.”
                                             (Hadis riwayat Abu Daud)

Diriwayatkan dari Anas bahawa Rasulullah (SAW) bersabda: " Baginda  berbekam di kepala ketika baginda melaksanakan ihram kerana merasa pening. Dalam riwayat yang lain kerana sakit yang dirasakan baginda. dalam tulisan yang lain kerana sakit kepala yang dirasakan baginda"   
                                          (Hadis riwayat Bukhari)                                    
                                                                                    
Dari Anas r.a yang berkata: "Rasulullah (SAW) pernah berbekam pada Akhda'ain dan bahu baginda"  
                                          (Sahih Al-Jami' :4927)

Menurut Sahih Ibnu Hibban. At-Thibb : Jilid X111 hal 442, hadis ke 6078, diriwayatkan dari Abu Hurairah bahawa Abu Hind pernah membekam Rasulullah (SAW) pada yafukh. Maka nabi (SAW) bersabda: "Wahai segenap kaum Ansar, nikahkanlah Abu Hind dan nikahkan anak kamu dengannya" Lantas baginda S.A.W bersabda lagi: "Bila pada pengubatan kamu ada yang terbaik, maka itulah bekam"

Saya sendiri, yang dahulu juga mengalami migrin serius, melakukan berbekam, dan alhamdulillah sembuh sepenuhnya. Malah fikiran saya juga tenang dan lapang dada.